Solar Energy vs Hydro Energy: What’s the Difference?
When it comes to sustainability, green energy sources like solar, wind, hydro power, etc. seem to have the brightest future.
This is so because these energy sources are renewable and will always be available to us.
In this post, I am here with an ultimate comparison of solar energy vs hydro energy.
Both solar and hydro energy are renewable & eco-friendly sources of energy. Each of them has their own benefits & drawbacks.
Before comparing solar energy with hydro power, I will give a brief overview of both energy sources with their pros and cons.
At the end of this post, you will also find an infographic that can help you summarize everything.
Sun is the largest source of energy on earth. The energy that we receive from the sun in the form of heat radiations is referred to as solar energy.
The best thing about solar energy is that it is renewable & hence sustainable.
|1. Do not pollute the environment.||1. Less efficient compared to fossil fuels.|
|2. It is renewable.||2. Affected by weather conditions.|
|3. Can be used anywhere.||3. PV panels are location sensitive.|
|4. Cheap & can be stored.||4. High setup cost.|
|5. Sustainable in nature.||5. Longer return on investment.|
The energy harnessed from water is known as hydro energy.
In hydro power plants, the accelerated water is used to spin the blades of the turbine. These turbines then convert mechanical energy into electricity.
It is quite similar to wind energy. The only difference is that here we use water instead of air.
The water thus required for electricity production is stored in the dams & reservoirs.
Let us also have a look at the benefits & drawbacks of hydro power.
|1. Hydro power is renewable.||1. Building a hydro power plant is highly expensive.|
|2. Do not pollute the environment.||2. Degrade the marine ecosystem.|
|3. Highly efficient.||3. Longer construction time.|
|4. Leads to sustainability.||4. Cannot be built anywhere.|
|5. Play a major role in economic development.||5. Electricity generation reduces during droughts.|
Solar Energy vs Hydro Energy
Till now, we have discussed the concept of solar energy & hydro energy along with their pros & cons.
Let us now compare both of them & try to find a winner.
I am considering the following aspects while comparing solar energy vs hydro energy:
- Environmental Impact
- Cost associated
- Efficiency &
Let’s dive right in.
Both solar & hydro energy are renewable & sustainable sources of energy.
However, during droughts in hot weather, we might see a downfall in electricity production.
Well, solar panels also lack energy production in fog & cloudy weather.
Overall, both solar & hydro power will always be available to us with a few constraints.
2. Environmental Impact
Both solar energy & hydro energy are green energy sources & have little to no impact on the environment.
However, in the case of hydro power, the carbon emissions are very few (0-5gm/ kWh).
So, based on the above study we can say that hydro energy is the clear winner.
3. Cost Associated
The initial cost of setting up both solar & hydro power plants is extremely high.
However, if we consider the cost of energy, hydro energy seems much cheaper compared to solar energy.
According to EIA*, the average cost of hydro energy per Mwh in 2011 is around $90.3 which is lesser as compared to that of solar energy ($144.3 per MWh).
*EIA stands for U.S. Energy Information Administration
Efficiency refers to the maximum amount of output that can be produced by using the least amount of resources.
Solar panels have an efficiency of around 15-20%. It means only 15 to 20% of solar energy converts into electricity.
Although, modern hydro turbines can convert up to 90% of energy into electricity.
Thus, in terms of efficiency, hydro energy is conquering.
Solar panels do not require much maintenance. You just have to clean dirt from their surface periodically so that it won’t block the sunlight.
Meanwhile, hydro power plants are hard to manage & require large manpower for regular maintenance.
Infographic: Solar Energy vs Hydro Energy
The below infographic can help you better summarize the above article. Pin it, if you found helpful.
The energy that we receive from the sun is called solar energy. While hydro energy is the energy of water that we use to generate electricity.
In Hydropower plants, accelerated water is used to spin the blades of turbines. These turbines convert mechanical energy into electric current.
Both solar & hydroelectric energy have their pros & cons. However, if we take efficiency into consideration hydro power is better compared to solar energy.
No, the generation of electricity through hydro power plants is pollution-free & eco-friendly.
Up to You!
I have tried my best to compare solar energy vs hydro energy based on factors like availability, cost, efficiency, etc.
Hydro energy seems to be better in some aspects while solar power is winning on others.
Both solar & hydro energy are renewable & sustainable energy sources.
If you are an individual & want to adopt green energy then you should go for solar energy. It is so because even a mini-hydropower plant will cost you thousands of dollars.
What do you think? Which energy source is better and why?
Leave a comment to let everyone know!